Horizon Scanning

During the horizon scanning process, scientific publications are screened and evaluated to identify and analyze possible environmental effects of new technical developments and their applications in the field of genetic engineering/biotechnology considering the precautionary principle. The results of the horizon scanning are made available to the public in form of short summaries. It is an ongoing collection of current literature that does not claim to be complete and is continuously updated.
The current focus of the horizon scanning process can be found → here and a glossary with explanations of the most important terms can be found  here

A route to de novo domestication of wild allotetraploid rice

In this study, traits associated with domestication, such as the shattering and the length of the awns, were changed in a “wild” rice species that has a four-fold set of chromosomes, i.e. a tetraploid rice. Currently widely cultivated rice varieties have only two sets of chromosomes and are therefore diploid. The advantage of an increased […]

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Global detection of DNA repair outcomes induced by CRISPR-Cas9.

Aim of the study and some background information The authors have developed an in silico analysis method called PEM-Q, which evaluates data from genome-wide examinations of genome-edited cells in such a way that all changes in the DNA induced by CRISPR/Cas can be detected. This includes both changes to the target sequence and changes to […]

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Detection of CRISPR-mediated genome modifications through altered methylation patterns of CpG islands.

Background – epigenetics The field of epigenetics deals with hereditary changes that do not change the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetic markers determine which genes are activated or silenced in certains cells and tissues, so they influence gene expression. Thus, the basic structure of the DNA remains unchanged. Epigenetic markers are biochemical appendages of DNA. Epigenetics […]

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Allele-Specific Chromosome Removal after Cas9 Cleavage in Human Embryos

CRISPR/Cas9 was supposed to be used in this study to change a mutation in human embryos that cause a genetic disease. This disease is mediated by a mutation in the EYS gene and causes blindness (retinitis pigmentosa, retinal degeneration). The scientists envisaged that CRISPR/Cas9 causes a double-strand break (DSB) within the mutated EYS gene of […]

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